5. MOHAMMED GHORI vs PRITHVI RAJ CHAUHAN (1187 - 1192)
The next Muslim onslaught came in the year 1187, when the Muslim chieftain of a place named Ghor in Afghanistan, overthrew the Ghaznavid ruler in Ghazni. These Gauris (pronounced by the Muslims as Ghauri, Ghori and rendered in English as Ghurid) were originally Hindu cowherds and were subjects of the Shahiyas, who had been converted by force to Islam, by the Ghaznavids, who overthrew the Shahiya power in Afghanistan in 980 AD. After a lapse of 200 years, these ex-Hindus had become cruel and merciless like any other Muslims and not a trace of their Hindu ancestry was left, except the name Gauri (derived from Gau which mean cow in Sanskrit) which traced their humble origins as Hindu cowherds.
After overcoming the Ghaznivid governor of Punjab, Mohammed Ghori found his way into India proper blocked by three powerful Hindu kingdoms - the Solankais (Chalukyas) of Anahilwada in Gujarat, the Chahmanas (Chouhans) of Delhi, Ajmer and Sambhar; and the Rathods (Gahadwals) of Kannauj (Uttar Pradesh).
In the ensuing battle, Hindu Solankis (Chalukyas) of Anahilwada, defeated him utterly at the battle on the plains below Mount Arbuda (Abu) and forced him to retreat across the Thar Desert.
Then, Ghori advanced through West Punjab and laid siege to the fortress of Bhatinda in East Punjab, which lay on the borders of Prithvitraja's domains. Soon, he had to face the wrath of the Rajputs, and at Tarain (also known as Taraori) in today's Haryana, the two armies clashed furiously. In this battle, Ghori was captured by Prithviraj Chouhan and the Muslim army fled.
As a prisoner in chains before Prithviraja, Mohammed Ghori begged for mercy and promised that he would never lift his eyes toward India. This foolishly melted Prithviraja and he released Mohammed Ghori. This was a disastrously foolish mistake on part of Prithiviraja.
Once freed, the vengeful Mohammed who was seething for revenge made his way back to Ghori and planned his next attack on Prithviraj. Going by the experiences of his two defeats at the hands of the Solankis and Chauhans, Mohammed decided to go by subterfuge, the trademarked mentality of the Muslims that has given them victory over more powerful, but innocent adversaries. His army once again attacked Prithviraj's army in the night, when both had come face to face. Even then, Hindus were on verge of defeating his army. Then, Prithiviraj was fraudulently engaged in a duet and captured by Ghori. However, later, Prithviraj tricked him to show his skill of archery and killed him.
But the Hindu kingdom and India's freedom had been lost to Muslims.